A clean and green environment is essential for healthy living and is crucial for the well-being of future generations. And that is why we should do our best to protect it against anything that can potentially harm it, like wastewater.
Wastewater is any water with dissolved or suspended solids and has been affected by human use. It comes from a variety of ordinary living processes that include, but are not limited to, dishwashing, bathing, agricultural diffuse, rainwater runoff and urban runoff. It can also come from the processes of industrial companies.
Basing on its name alone, it’s easy to tell that wastewater has nothing good to offer for us humans and our environment.
In fact, untreated wastewater is one of the main culprits of the world’s widespread water pollution problem, which is known for killing aquatic animals, destroying ecosystems and having the potential to spread diseases to humans. It is also filled to the brim with contaminants (bacteria, viruses, chemicals, heavy metals, etc.), so its destructive potential is not that surprising. This is where wastewater treatment comes in.
Defined as a process that converts wastewater into bilge water that can be reintroduced back into the environment, wastewater treatment aims to reduce the contaminants in wastewater to make it safe enough for discharge or reuse (depending on the goals of a water treatment facility). And an efficient and well-designed wastewater treatment system is needed for treating wastewater.
Now, everybody from households and businesses to industries and factories have their own wastewater needs that must be addressed, so they all need a working wastewater water system for them to be able to meet discharge regulations, ensure safety precautions, and help the environment.
Although there are many different types of wastewater treatment systems, a typical wastewater treatment system should be able to handle possible changes in water effluent requirements, process variations in contamination and flow, and more.
Aside from that, the standard components of a typical wastewater treatment system include some kind of filtration, clarifier, chemical feed, and control panel, among others. The components may vary depending on the process and the needs of a plant, and a few additional features and technologies can be added when a plant requires some form of customization for their water treatment needs.
Lastly, wastewater treatment systems have processes that vary on the needs and goals of a particular plant, but the average treatment facility follows a process that usually includes coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection, fluoridation, and distribution. It may also include other steps such as ion exchange softening, lime softening, and special processes.
Even with varying treatment processes, all wastewater treatment systems have one goal – to convert wastewater into an effluent that won’t pose any danger to both human health and the environment. Because of all the good wastewater treatment does for our planet, it’s easy to say that without it, water pollution would turn into an unmanageable problem that dooms future generations.